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? Rosemary Oil For Hair Growth: Does The Evidence Stack Up

If you are skeptical about chemicals and the dubious claims made around a lot of hair growth products, then like many people you may have been on a quest to find a natural and effective hair rejuvenation option.

Or at the very least, something natural that stems the tide of hair loss, that isn’t just yet another empty hope, and of course a waste of your valuable time and money.

Experimenting with rosemary oil for hair growth has become a popular choice in the search for a natural solution to hair loss in the few years. This is partly due to historical claims and increasing online rumors, and partly down to a few modern scientific studies which appear to have yielded positive results.

So what is the truth about rosemary oil for hair growth, and the scientific studies backing up those claims. Should you be considering using rosemary oil to stop your hair loss?

The Science Behind Claims Rosemary Oil Rejuvenates Hair

If you going to make a great decision on whether you should spend time, money and effort embedding rosemary oil into your head growth armory, then it’s crucial that we go through the basics of the science behind the claims about rosemary oil so that you can weigh the evidence up.

Rosemary oil comes from the rosemary plant. It is extracted using a method known as steam distillation. The resulting Rosemary oil contains the following main antioxidants:​

Rosmarinic acid

Carnosic acid

Ethanolic acid

1,8-Cineole

Camphor oil

In very general terms, the great news is that these bioactive antioxidants do have proven, if potentially minor, benefits for hair maintenance and growth. When applied topically, continual use can have the following benefits:

Inflammation of the scalp and hair follicles can be reduced.

Rosemary oil has antibacterial properties.

DHT can be slightly decreased (a hormone that can promote male pattern baldness).

It can prevent fibrosis (creation of excess fibrous connective tissue).

It can help to increase localized blood flow.

As you can see, all these could be beneficial in somebody’s fight to slow, stop or possibly slightly reverse their hair loss.

​So it’s little wonder that it’s promoted in this manner, especially in the age of the Internet where a minor benefit can be inflated into a major miracle cure, through the online equivalent of Chinese whispers.

​This can only be a situation made worse when modern hair restoration treatments such as Minoxidil cost so much money, leading people desperate to stop hair loss grabbing at any possible solution.

The Scientific Study That Made Headlines About Rosemary Oil

Rosemary oil hit the headlines in 2015 when a team of Iranian researchers published their study into hair loss:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25842469

The basis of this study was to compare how rosemary oil performed in halting hair loss, when put up against 2% minoxidil.​

The researchers conducted a study on 100 men who had male pattern hair loss, otherwise known as androgenic alopecia. The group was split into, with half applying rosemary oil, and the other half applying the 2% minoxidil solution twice daily.​

The study concluded after six months that rosemary oil did increase headcount, and by just as much as 2% minoxidil, which is the active ingredient in Rogaine, a very expensive hair loss treatment product.​

Now this all sounds great, and apart from news agencies grabbing hold of, and embellishing potentially good news, obviously people experiencing hair loss and paying a lot of money for Rogaine jumped at this fantastic possibility.​

But the problem is that the study was not all that it appeared. The big problem was that the hair growth results were not as impressive as the studies abstract claimed, which is the only part of the study most people including the press bothered to read.

Although researchers took before and after photos and employed two independent dermatologists to undertake segment counting, the devil was in the detail.​

After the six-month trial, the subjects using rosemary oil saw a 5.5% increase in hair count. Those using 2% minoxidil saw just a 1.7% increase. Although that sounds impressive, the problem is that the standard deviations were very wide making the whole thing statistically insignificant.

The other big problem was that hair headcount can increase or decrease seasonally, sometimes by as much as up to 10%. How big a factor was this? As there was no control group who weren’t using either of the trial substances, we can’t tell what the truth is on that point.​

The final issue with the study is that Rogaine uses a 5% concentration of minoxidil. So was it simply the case that the dosage was too low to stop hair loss?​

So unfortunately when you look behind the abstract and the headlines, the study was flawed and the results not conclusive in any way. So in terms of science, the answer to the question “Does Rosemary oil help with hair growth?” is realistically “Maybe….”.

So Rosemary Oil Is A Waste Of Time To Halt My Hair Loss?

Let’s not get despondent here, because that scientific study isn’t the whole story.

Earlier I said how the active ingredients in rosemary oil can help the scalp in a variety of ways, importantly including lessening scalp inflammation.

When our body tissues get injured, they release proteins called cytokines. These are known as “signaling proteins”. They tell the cells surrounding the injury whether to reduce or increase inflammation. Increasing localized inflammation protects the cells and helps to start with cell regeneration.

The damaged tissue also then releases an enzyme called COX-2. This also sends messages, helping to tell the body how many inflammatory cells should deal with the injury. Basically, the bigger the injury, the more inflammatory cells are required to do the job.

As the injury heals, the counts of these two types of proteins starts to decrease and the cell count diminishes as healthy cells are grown. That’s the recovery process in a nutshell.

Where it gets interesting is that inflammatory response to an injury is different to a chronic inflammatory response. In the second case, the message to keep sending these enzymes doesn’t stop, it might diminish, but it doesn’t stop. That’s why some ongoing issues such as ulcers often don’t go away.

In the case of our scalps, that’s one of the mechanisms which drives hair loss. Chronic scalp inflammation, through a variety of causes, leads to scarring which starves the follicles of oxygen, blood and nutrients over time. This shrinks them over a number of years, leading to ongoing baldness.

…and That’s How Rosemary Oil “Might” Help With Slowing Hair Loss

We still don’t know what the main triggers for chronic scalp inflammation actually are, so the only way we can help is to reduce enzyme counts that leads to the inflammatory process happening.

This is the reason why rosemary oil might be able to help with hair growth, or at least slow hair loss.

Studies have demonstrated that acids (Ethanloic and Rosmarinic) within rosemary oil can help to reduce COX-2 enzyme counts. On top of that, compounds within rosemary oil have also been shown to lower the number of inflammatory cytokines that are excreted.​

So in other words, the great news is that there is scientific evidence that rosemary oil can help to minimize the chronic inflammatory process. The more this process is minimized, the more we give the hair follicles a fighting chance.

And as we’ve also said, rosemary oil has antibacterial properties, which means that it can also fight bacteria and fungi that often help to kickstart or worsen the inflammation.​

Rosemary Oil Can Also Help To Lower DHT Levels

If you are suffering from thinning hair, then you will have heard about that horrible hormone DHT and how it can trigger hair loss. Although there are misconceptions, most of the evidence over many years of research does suggest that an increase in DHT within the scalp happens prior to hair follicles starting to wither and die.

And the great news is that a study found that rosemary oil can help to block androgen receptor activity. This activity is where DHT binds, so lessening this activity will minimize the effect that DHT can have.

Although the studies of only been conducted on mice and rats, the anecdotal evidence from use in humans is that the same benefits are found.

Rosemary Oil For Hair Growth: The Bottom Line

​The truth is that that currently that there is simply no miracle cure for hair loss.

And unfortunately it appears that investing in 5% minoxidil (Rogaine) is a better bet. But that’s not the whole story

 

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